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The National Consultative Ethics Committee is composed of the President, 39 members and Honorary Presidents.
By law, the Committee brings together personalities of various scientific and philosophical backgrounds. They include:
- a President appointed by the President of the Republic for a renewable period of two years, who oversees the Committee’s work.
- 39 members appointed for four years
- 5 personalities belonging to the “main philosophical and spiritual families”
- 19 personalities chosen for their “qualifications and interest in ethical problems”
-15 personalities from the field of research (Inserm, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, etc.)
- a Secretary General who coordinates the Committee’s work on a day-to-day basis.
CCNE’s first President was Jean Bernard (1983-1993). Professor Jean-Pierre Changeux took over from 1993 to 1999. In March 1999, the President of the Republic Jacques Chirac appointed Professor Didier Sicard, Professor of Internal Medicine at University Paris Descartes and former head of Internal Medicine at the Cochin Hospital in Paris. In February 2008, the President of the Republic Nicolas Sarkozy appointed Professor Alain Grimfeld. In November 2012, the President of the Republic François Hollande appointed Professor Jean-Claude Ameisen. In December 2016, The President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron appointed Professor Jean-François Delfraissy.
Marie-Hélène Mouneyrat is the CCNE’s Secretary General.
Jean-François Delfraissy, President
copyright Emmanuel Doumic
Jean-Claude Ameisen, Honororay President
Jean-Claude Ameisen, Professor of immunology, Paris Diderot University. Research interests: programmed cell death, AIDS pathogenesis and host/infectious pathogen interactions. President of the Ethics and Scientific Committee of the International Foundation of Applied Disability Research, he presided INSERM’s Ethics Committee on Medical Research and Health from 2003 to 2011. (INSERM: National Institute for Health and Medical Research). He heads the Centre d’Etudes du Vivant (life sciences studies centre) and is a member of the Scientific Council of the International College of Philosophy.
Alain Grimfeld, Honorary President
Physician. Honorary Professor of Paediatrics (Pierre et Marie Curie University. Paris 6), Honorary President of CCNE, Chairman of the Comité de la prévention et de la précaution, Ministry for Ecology, President of the Ethics Committee of ADEF-Résidences Association.
Didier Sicard, Honorary President
Chairman of the Comité d'Experts de l'Institut des Données de Santé; member of the Board of Directors of the Institut Pasteur de Paris et du Laos; member of the Scientific Council of the B.N.F.; member of the Board of Directors of C.A.S.P.; Chairman of the Drafting Committee of "Responsabilité", Member of the "Inflexions" journal. Professor Emeritus of Internal Medicine at University Paris Descartes; Former Head of Department; Mediator, Cochin Hospital in Paris.
Jean-Pierre Changeux, Honorary President
Professor at the Collège de France, Teaching Fellow at the Institut Pasteur.
5 personnalités désignées par
le Président de la République et
appartenant aux principales familles
philosophiques et spirituelles
Marion MULLER COLARD
Philosopher and psychoanalyst. Professor at the American University of Paris. Researcher at the Museum national d’histoire naturelle (National Natural History Museum). Also teaches at Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies) and at the Ecole Polytechnique. Member of the Paris cellule d'urgence médico-psychologique (CUMP) (medico-psychological emergency unit) (Necker-SAMU Hospital).
Professor of Philosophy, - Director, Ciepfc (Centre International d'Etude de la Philosophie Française Contemporaine).
15 personnalités appartenant
au secteur de la recherche
- Head of the pain relief and palliative care centres, and of the full time access to healthcare unit, Besançon University Hospital.
- Head of Inserm Research Unit CIC IT 808, Besançon University Hospital. Theme “Ethics and Progress”.
- Director of the Bourgogne-Franche Comté Inter-Regional Ethical Reflection Forum.
- Coordinator of the Programme for the Development of Palliative and Supportive Care 2008 - 2012.
- President of the National End of Life Observatory (Paris).
Tenured researcher, INSERM
Pierre Henri-Duée, President of CCNE’s Technical Section
Director of Research, INRA (French National Institute of Agronomic Research)
Head of INRA’s Internal Audit and Inspection Mission
Secretary of the Joint Consultative Ethics Committee for agronomic research.
-Associate, Neurological Department of Lariboisière Hospital, Paris.
-Professor Emeritus of Neurology, University Paris-Diderot.
-Incumbent Member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine.
-Research, publications and clinical activity, focusing mainly on vascular cerebral pathologies and cephalalgia, including work on:
- the efficacy of aspirin in the secondary prevention of cerebral infarction;
- identification of a new autosomic dominant genetic disorder of small cerebral arteries (CADASIL), causing migraine with aura, cerebral infarction and dementia;
- other cerebral vascular disorders, in particular cerebral venous thrombosis, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and cervical artery dissection;
- the genetics and treatment of migraine.
Gynaecologist Obstetrician, Professor Emeritus, President of the Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français (National College of French Gynaecologists and Obstetricians).
President of the Commission Nationale de la Naissance et de la Santé de l’Enfant (DGS-DGOS - National Commission on Childbirth and Children’s Health), President of the Conseil National Professionnel de Gynécologie et Obstétrique (National Professional Council of Gynaecology and Obstetrics). President of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) for France.
Member of the National Expert Committee on Maternal Mortality (INSERM-HAS), member of the Independent Scientific Committee of Physicians.
19 personnalités qualifiées
choisies en raison de leur
compétence et de leur
intérêt pour les problèmes
Medical school, Geneva University, Geneva university hospitals.
Professor of child and adolescent psychiatry, Geneva University; Director, university Department of Psychiatry; Head of the Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals; Full Professor ad personam, Lausanne University. Psychoanalyst, member of the Ecole de la Cause Freudienne, NLS and World Association of Psychoanalysis.
In the clinical field, based on a psychoanalytic approach, developed paedopsychiatric-paediatric care, more particularly perinatally. In research, focuses on pre- and perinatal and early age trauma consequences, perinatal and prematurity care in particular; on subjective consequences of new advances in perinatal biotechnologies, in particular assisted reproductive technology, gender attribution in the event of ambiguous genitalia and predictive medicine. Furthermore, in cooperation with Prof. Pierre Magistretti, is working on developing links between the neurosciences and psychoanalysis, based on the neuronal plasticity paradigm; in reference to the above, created in 2010 the Agalma Foundation researching the neurosciences and psychoanalysis on the one hand, and connections between art, science and psychoanalysis on the other hand.
Published, inter alia: Neurosciences et psychanalyse : une rencontre autour de la singularité (with Pierre Magistretti), Odile Jacob, Collège de France, 2010; Les Énigmes du plaisir (with Pierre Magistretti ), Odile Jacob, 2010; Clinique de l'origine, Editions Cécile Defaut, 2012; Autisme: à chacun son génome (with Ariane Giacobino), Editions Navarin/Champ Freudien, 2012.
President of the UNAF (National Union of Family Associations) Group of the Conseil Economique Social et Environnemental.
- Administrator of CNAMTS (Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés, National Health Insurance Fund for Employees)
- Member of CNRPA (Comité National des Retraités et Personnes Agées, National Committee for Pensioners and the Elderly).
- Former member of National AIDS Council.
- Member of the Haut Conseil sur l’Avenir de l’Assurance Maladie (HCAAM) (High Council for national health insurance prospective studies).
Neurologist, Professor of Medicine at the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital (Paris 6), co-Director of the “PICNIC Lab” (Physiological Investigations of Clinically Normal and Impaired Cognition) at the Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (Brain and Spinal Cord Institute) (ICM, INSERM). Author of several works on the exploration of consciousness and subjectivity by the neurosciences, including: “Le Nouvel Inconscient” (Odile Jacob 2006), “Perdons-nous connaissance ?” (Odile Jacob 2010) and “De quoi prenons-nous conscience ?” (Manucius, 2013). Author of two essays on Judaism: “Quatre exercices de pensée juive pour cerveaux réfléchis” (In Press, 2003) and “Un sujet en soi” (Odile Jacob, 2013).
Acting Director Healthcare, Ethics doctorate, Faculty of Medicine, Paris XI and Paris VII - Diderot, Universities. Specialising on health, hospital and care-related ethical issues. University lecturer, Cergy-Pontoise University Law Faculty. Member of the research on medical ethics department at Inserm (French Institute of Health and Medical Research) and lecturer at Paris-Sud University. Member of the presidential mission on end of life. Her thesis, dissertations and publications on moral epistemology are contributing to gaining recognition for the ethics of healthcare.
Martine LE FRIANT
Attorney, Paris Court of Appeal.
Member of the Scientific Council of the Ecole doctorale de droit comparé, Panthéon-Sorbonne Paris I University.
Senior Lecturer on criminal business law at the Paris Institut d’Etudes Politiques and at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques’ school of journalism.
Co-managing Editor of Témoignage Chrétien.
Professor at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Section: “Hommes Natures Sociétés” (human interaction with nature and society). Associate member of the heritage inspectorate of the Culture and Communication Ministry.