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Ethical issues regarding “Autonomous vehicles"
In this opinion, the French National Pilot Committee for Digital Ethics (CNPEN) analyses the ethical issues raised by automated driving vehicles while examining the validity of the motivations invoked to justify its development, such as the improvement of road safety through eliminating human failures, a wider range of mobility options, lower emissions and environmental impact, or the renewal of the transport sector in general and the automotive industry in particular. The committee makes a number of recommendations concerning:
- the terminology used to describe these vehicles and the functions associated with their automation;
- road safety and system dependability;
- human control of the vehicle;
- personal freedom;
- social and environmental impacts.