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Ethical Issues Raised by the Marketing of HIV Self-Screening Test Kits
Opinion n°119 : Ethical Issues Raised by the Marketing of HIV Self-Screening Test Kits
In a letter dated August 8th 2012, the Minister for Health and Social Affairs referred to the National Consultative Ethics Committee for Health and Life Sciences (CCNE) on “issues raised by the marketing of HIV self-screening test kits HIV”.
This followed marketing approval given by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on July 3rd, 2012, for a rapid diagnostic home-use test kit (Oraquick®, by sampling of oral fluid) designed for self-screening without medical supervision. Since October 2012, the kit has been available for over-the-counter sales in more than 30,000 outlets in the United States and also via the Internet. Would this form of marketing be likely to reduce the number of new infections in France? And what ethical issues could it give rise to?