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The National Consultative Ethics Committee is composed of the President, 39 members and Honorary Presidents.
By law, the Committee brings together personalities of various scientific and philosophical backgrounds. They include:
- a President appointed by the President of the Republic for a renewable period of two years, who oversees the Committee’s work.
- 39 members appointed for four years
- 5 personalities belonging to the “main philosophical and spiritual families”
- 19 personalities chosen for their “qualifications and interest in ethical problems”
-15 personalities from the field of research (Inserm, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, etc.)
- a Secretary General who coordinates the Committee’s work on a day-to-day basis.
CCNE’s first President was Jean Bernard (1983-1993). Professor Jean-Pierre Changeux took over from 1993 to 1999. In March 1999, the President of the Republic Jacques Chirac appointed Professor Didier Sicard, Professor of Internal Medicine at University Paris Descartes and former head of Internal Medicine at the Cochin Hospital in Paris. In February 2008, the President of the Republic Nicolas Sarkozy appointed Professor Alain Grimfeld. In November 2012, the President of the Republic François Hollande appointed Professor Jean-Claude Ameisen.
Marie-Hélène Mouneyrat is the CCNE’s Secretary General.
Jean-Claude Ameisen, President
Jean-Claude Ameisen, Professor of immunology, Paris Diderot University. Research interests: programmed cell death, AIDS pathogenesis and host/infectious pathogen interactions. President of the Ethics and Scientific Committee of the International Foundation of Applied Disability Research, he presided INSERM’s Ethics Committee on Medical Research and Health from 2003 to 2011. (INSERM: National Institute for Health and Medical Research). He heads the Centre d’Etudes du Vivant (life sciences studies centre) and is a member of the Scientific Council of the International College of Philosophy.
Alain Grimfeld, Honorary President
Physician. Honorary Professor of Paediatrics (Pierre et Marie Curie University. Paris 6), Honorary President of CCNE, Chairman of the Comité de la prévention et de la précaution, Ministry for Ecology, President of the Ethics Committee of ADEF-Résidences Association.
Didier Sicard, Honorary President
Chairman of the Comité d'Experts de l'Institut des Données de Santé; member of the Board of Directors of the Institut Pasteur de Paris et du Laos; member of the Scientific Council of the B.N.F.; member of the Board of Directors of C.A.S.P.; Chairman of the Drafting Committee of "Responsabilité", Member of the "Inflexions" journal. Professor Emeritus of Internal Medicine at University Paris Descartes; Former Head of Department; Mediator, Cochin Hospital in Paris.
Jean-Pierre Changeux, Honorary President
Professor at the Collège de France, Teaching Fellow at the Institut Pasteur.
Professor of philosophy at the Paris Est Créteil University. His main research interests are: logic, history and the philosophy of logic. After specialising in the works of G. Frege ((Puf 1997, Vrin, 2002) and Bertrand Russel (Puf 1996, Belles Lettres, 2004), he wrote on the history of medieval Arab logic (Al Farabi, 2007 and Averroès, 2000 and 2003) and then went on to study an influential writer of the French Renaissance, Montaigne (Belle Lettres, 2008). Vice-President of the National Consultative Ethics Committee and President of the Consultative Deontology and Ethics Committee of IRD (Institut de Recherches pour le Développement), he is currently engaged in the discussions on bioethics. Also Programme Director at the International Philosophy College (Paris/Casablanca), a member of the French Philosophy Society and of the International Institute of Philosophy.
Patrick Gaudray, President of CCNE’s Technical Section
Research on genetics and genomics. Head of Research at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) (National Centre for Scientific Research).
Former Deputy Scientific Director in the CNRS Department of Life Sciences, and former President of the science Council of the CNRS Jacques Monod Conferences. Currently, Scientific Adviser at the Institut des Hautes Etudes pour la Science et la Technologie (IHEST), member of the Committee for Ethics and Cancer of the Ligue nationale française contre le cancer, and member of the National Consultative Ethics Committee (CCNE) since 2008. President of CCNE’s Technical Section since 2009.
Professor at the Institut Pasteur and Director Emeritus at CNRS, biologist and geneticist. Her laboratory at the Institut Pasteur studies developmental biology and stem cells, in particular skeletal myogenesis and cardiogenesis in the embryo and also adult muscle regeneration. President of the Ethics Committee of the Institut Pasteur. Member of the Académie des Sciences, Associate Member of the National Academy of Sciences, USA.
- Head of the pain relief and palliative care centres, and of the full time access to healthcare unit, Besançon University Hospital.
- Head of Inserm Research Unit CIC IT 808, Besançon University Hospital. Theme “Ethics and Progress”.
- Director of the Bourgogne-Franche Comté Inter-Regional Ethical Reflection Forum.
- Coordinator of the Programme for the Development of Palliative and Supportive Care 2008 - 2012.
- President of the National End of Life Observatory (Paris).
President of the UNAF (National Union of Family Associations) Group of the Conseil Economique Social et Environnemental.
- Administrator of CNAMTS (Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés, National Health Insurance Fund for Employees)
- Member of CNRPA (Comité National des Retraités et Personnes Agées, National Committee for Pensioners and the Elderly).
- Former member of National AIDS Council.
- Member of the Haut Conseil sur l’Avenir de l’Assurance Maladie (HCAAM) (High Council for national health insurance prospective studies).
Neurologist, Professor of Medicine at the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital (Paris 6), co-Director of the “PICNIC Lab” (Physiological Investigations of Clinically Normal and Impaired Cognition) at the Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière (Brain and Spinal Cord Institute) (ICM, INSERM). Author of several works on the exploration of consciousness and subjectivity by the neurosciences, including: “Le Nouvel Inconscient” (Odile Jacob 2006), “Perdons-nous connaissance ?” (Odile Jacob 2010) and “De quoi prenons-nous conscience ?” (Manucius, 2013). Author of two essays on Judaism: “Quatre exercices de pensée juive pour cerveaux réfléchis” (In Press, 2003) and “Un sujet en soi” (Odile Jacob, 2013).
Incumbent Member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine; Head of the Vascular Medicine and Arterial Hypertension Department, European Hospital Georges Pompidou; President of the Robert Debré Association for Medical Research (May 2011); Member of the Ethics Committee of the American Hospital in Paris. 2011; Member of the Commission de Transparence 200-2006; Director of the Editorial Boards of the Revue du Praticien.
-Associate, Neurological Department of Lariboisière Hospital, Paris.
-Professor Emeritus of Neurology, University Paris-Diderot.
-Incumbent Member of the Académie Nationale de Médecine.
-Research, publications and clinical activity, focusing mainly on vascular cerebral pathologies and cephalalgia, including work on:
- the efficacy of aspirin in the secondary prevention of cerebral infarction;
- identification of a new autosomic dominant genetic disorder of small cerebral arteries (CADASIL), causing migraine with aura, cerebral infarction and dementia;
- other cerebral vascular disorders, in particular cerebral venous thrombosis, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and cervical artery dissection;
- the genetics and treatment of migraine.
Professor Emeritus, Paris-Sud University. Member of the Académie des sciences
Professor Emeritus, Lyon Catholic University, former Director of the Institut des sciences de la famille de Lyon, former Dean of the Theology Faculty of Lyon, member of the Academic Corpus of the Académie catholique de France.
Professor of Law; President, Lille 2 - Law and Health - University.
Gynaecologist Obstetrician, Professor Emeritus, President of the Collège National des Gynécologues et Obstétriciens Français (National College of French Gynaecologists and Obstetricians).
President of the Commission Nationale de la Naissance et de la Santé de l’Enfant (DGS-DGOS - National Commission on Childbirth and Children’s Health), President of the Conseil National Professionnel de Gynécologie et Obstétrique (National Professional Council of Gynaecology and Obstetrics). President of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) for France.
Member of the National Expert Committee on Maternal Mortality (INSERM-HAS), member of the Independent Scientific Committee of Physicians.
Honorary Senior Lecturer, History of modern Christianity, Faculté Libre de Théologie Protestante, Paris.
Professor at the Collège de France; Chair in Metaphysics and Epistemology.
Professor of Public Law at Panthéon-Assas (Paris II) University.
Professor at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Section: “Hommes Natures Sociétés” (human interaction with nature and society). Associate member of the heritage inspectorate of the Culture and Communication Ministry.
Professor Emeritus, l’Université Paris Est Créteil (UPEC). Former nephrologist specialising in dialysis and transplant treatment for chronic renal failure; formerly closely involved in the teaching of medicine and university management; formerly Dean, Créteil University Medical School for three successive mandates and vice President of the Board of Governors for five years, Université Paris 12; active member of the University Quality Assessment Group, European University Association (EUA).
Professor of Law at the Université Paris-Descartes until January 2009; subsequently Counsellor to the Cour de Cassation.
Attorney, Paris Court of Appeal.
Member of the Scientific Council of the Ecole doctorale de droit comparé, Panthéon-Sorbonne Paris I University.
Senior Lecturer on criminal business law at the Paris Institut d’Etudes Politiques and at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques’ school of journalism.
Co-managing Editor of Témoignage Chrétien.
Acting Director Healthcare, Ethics doctorate, Faculty of Medicine, Paris XI and Paris VII - Diderot, Universities. Specialising on health, hospital and care-related ethical issues. University lecturer, Cergy-Pontoise University Law Faculty. Member of the research on medical ethics department at Inserm (French Institute of Health and Medical Research) and lecturer at Paris-Sud University. Member of the presidential mission on end of life. Her thesis, dissertations and publications on moral epistemology are contributing to gaining recognition for the ethics of healthcare.
President, INSERM Ethics Committee
University Professor and Hospital Practitioner, Endocrinology, 1981.
Head of the Reproductive Endocrinology Department, Necker Hospital 1994 to 2006 and Pitié-Salpêtrière 2006 to 2010.
Expert on Hormonal Medications since 1978 for the Ministry of Health, the French national medications regulatory agency (AFSSAPS, later ANSM) and HAS agencies.
Director of CECOS-Necker, 1991 to 2006.
Member of Inserm Unit 845 “Recherche et Signalisation.” Necker Faculty.
Consultant work: 2010-2013. Creation of a website on “Women’s Health” at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital.
President of the Collège National des Enseignants Universitaires de Gynécologie Médicale (CNEGM).
Professor Emeritus René Descartes-Paris V University as of September 1st, 2013.
Honorary Conseiller d’Etat, Inspector General of Detention Centres.
Senior Physician, Neurology Department, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital; Director of the Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Epinière (Brain and Spinal Cord Institute).
Born in Paris, 1952. Professor of Philosophy (materialism, rationalism, humanism). For many years, Senior Lecturer at Université Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne). Resigned to devote more time to writing and lecturing away from the university. Published some twenty works, including Traité du désespoir et de la béatitude (PUF, 1984), Petit traité des grandes vertus (PUF, 1995) and Dictionnaire philosophique (PUF, 2001).
Alain Cordier, Vice-President
Inspecteur Général des Finances; former Director General of the Assistance Publique, Hôpitaux de Paris; former Chairman of the Management Board of Bayard Presse; former President of the Policy Board of the Agence de la Biomédecine; former President of the Conseil de la Caisse Nationale de Solidarité pour l'Autonomie (CNSA); member of the Commission Nationale Consultative des Droits de l’Homme. Member of the Collège de la Haute Autorité de Santé.
Psychologist, Palliative Care Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Montpellier; member of the Experts Committee for Live Donors at the Agence de la Biomédecine.
Medical school, Geneva University, Geneva university hospitals.
Professor of child and adolescent psychiatry, Geneva University; Director, university Department of Psychiatry; Head of the Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals; Full Professor ad personam, Lausanne University. Psychoanalyst, member of the Ecole de la Cause Freudienne, NLS and World Association of Psychoanalysis.
In the clinical field, based on a psychoanalytic approach, developed paedopsychiatric-paediatric care, more particularly perinatally. In research, focuses on pre- and perinatal and early age trauma consequences, perinatal and prematurity care in particular; on subjective consequences of new advances in perinatal biotechnologies, in particular assisted reproductive technology, gender attribution in the event of ambiguous genitalia and predictive medicine. Furthermore, in cooperation with Prof. Pierre Magistretti, is working on developing links between the neurosciences and psychoanalysis, based on the neuronal plasticity paradigm; in reference to the above, created in 2010 the Agalma Foundation researching the neurosciences and psychoanalysis on the one hand, and connections between art, science and psychoanalysis on the other hand.
Published, inter alia: Neurosciences et psychanalyse : une rencontre autour de la singularité (with Pierre Magistretti), Odile Jacob, Collège de France, 2010; Les Énigmes du plaisir (with Pierre Magistretti ), Odile Jacob, 2010; Clinique de l'origine, Editions Cécile Defaut, 2012; Autisme: à chacun son génome (with Ariane Giacobino), Editions Navarin/Champ Freudien, 2012.
Senior magistrate at the Conseil d'Etat.
University hospital physician. Former Department Head, Infectious and Tropical Diseases, hôpital Bichat – Claude Bernard, Paris Hospitals, Paris, Dec. 1984 to Sept. 2004. Management of patients suffering from various infectious diseases, in particular TB, HIV/AIDS and emerging pathologies; experimental work and clinical research on infectious diseases.
Philosopher and psychoanalyst. Professor at the American University of Paris. Researcher at the Museum national d’histoire naturelle (National Natural History Museum). Also teaches at Sciences Po (Paris Institute of Political Studies) and at the Ecole Polytechnique. Member of the Paris cellule d'urgence médico-psychologique (CUMP) (medico-psychological emergency unit) (Necker-SAMU Hospital).
Professor of Philosophy, - Director, Ciepfc (Centre International d'Etude de la Philosophie Française Contemporaine).
Senator, Loire-Atlantique. Member of the Social Affairs Committee and of the Delegation for Women’s Rights and Equal Opportunities for Men and Women. Secretary of France-Spain Friendship Group. Vice-President of the Fact-Finding Mission on Pesticides and their consequences on health and the environment. Member of the Haut Conseil de la Famille. Representing the Assembly of French Administrative Departments on the Conseil Supérieur de l’Adoption (High Council for Adoption), the Agence Française de l’Adoption (French Adoption Agency) and the Conseil National pour l’Accès aux Origines Personnelles (National Council for Access to Personal Origins).
Member of the French Parliament, member of the parliamentary bureau for the evaluation of scientific and technological decisions, co-president of the Evaluation and Verification Mission (Finance Commission). Mayor of Poitiers (Vienne, France).
Professor, Ecole des hautes études en santé publique (EHESP School of Public Health), incumbent of the chair on “Droit de la santé et éthique” (Health care law and ethics), research centre “Droit, sciences et techniques” (Law, science and techniques), Paris1-Panthéon-Sorbonne.
Tenured researcher, INSERM
Director of Research, INRA (French National Institute of Agronomic Research)
Head of INRA’s Internal Audit and Inspection Mission
Secretary of the Joint Consultative Ethics Committee for agronomic research.
Doctorate in neurosciences, graduate of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, currently in charge of regulations on Bioethics at the CNRS (French national scientific research centre).
Following research on cerebral functional neuroplasticity and cellular therapy, focused on the ethical aspects of research, in particular research on human beings.
Member of the Expert Committee for Biomedical Research of CNRS’ Institute of Biological Sciences.
Research Director, CNRS Human and Social Sciences Institute
Véronique Fournier - Directrice du centre d'éthique clinique de Cochin, médecin de santé publique et cardiologue